Overview of the 5 best green eco buildings in the world in 2021
Every year, architects and builders surpass the beauty and practicality they weave into their architectural works. If we add to this the social awareness of the ecological significance that is becoming an increasing imperative, then these new buildings rightly carry the title of the best green buildings.
Green buildings mean reduced use of new materials and less waste to make. Although these buildings are located around the world, each takes into account not only environmental but also social impacts on the community as a whole. They are focused on gathering people in public common areas, encouraging the positive impact of greenery and natural light in people’s daily lives, and working to reduce the carbon dioxide produced by each building. These are the top 5 buildings in the world that meet all of the above and for a special reason receive the title of the best green building for 2021.
1. Green Valley in the Netherlands
With its 75,000 m2, this project is a mixed-use studio by MVRDV Architects. It is mostly residential, but also brings some urban amenities including a publicly available bar located 100 meters above the ground. It also has seven shops, offices and various retail and cultural spaces. Perhaps the most prominent thing about this green building is the greenery that grows in the terraced, publicly accessible valley and surrounds the central tower, along with the vegetation that extends vertically from the sides of the building.
2. The world’s largest waste energy plant in Shenzhen, China
The plant in Shenzhen was designed by the Danish company Schmidt Hammer Lassen Architects together with the studio Gottlieb Paludan Architects, and covers an area of 112,645 m2. The facility is expected to burn 5,000 tons of waste per day and produce 550 million kWh of electricity per year, thus turning garbage into treasure for the city’s 20 million residents.
The roof will be covered with solar panels, so the green building will have its own renewable energy source. It will also serve to educate public opinion about the growing concern posed by garbage by inviting the public to tour the facility, providing detailed information on how the facility works.
3. Bee’Ah headquarters in the United Arab Emirates
Due to the fact that the building has to withstand harsh conditions in the middle of the desert where it is located, the new Bee’Ah headquarters is designed with a windproof structure and is lined with materials that can reflect sunlight, reducing the amount of cooling required during the day.
Waste heat generated by air conditioning on 7,000 square meters will be used to heat hot water. Most of the materials that will be used for construction will be used from construction waste or waste from the demolition of other buildings. This green building will produce some of the energy needed to work through the solar panels and the energy produced in the waste management plant.
4. BRAC University Campus and Public Park in Dhaka, Bangladesh
Divided into two separate parts, the BRAC University Campus covers 5.3 hectares. It will contain a private learning area called “Academia” at higher levels and a ground floor “Campus Park” that will be open to the public. The park area will clean up the existing wetland and replace it with a self-sustaining pond surrounded by a natural landscape.
Leaving the space unused, the recreational park will be located on the roof, along with a swimming pool, jogging track and sports field, sheltered by solar panels that will power the building’s lights and fans.
Green walls that protect from the hot sun and monsoon rains will help protect during hot days and act as a natural noise attenuator, and each classroom will have a cross-ventilation system.
5. Aquarela complex in Ecuador
Jean Nouvel, winner of the prestigious Pritzker Prize for Architecture, is teaming up with Alberto MEDEM and Humboldt Arquitectos studios to create this green masterpiece. The Aquarela complex will include nine towers, the first three of which will be completed by the end of 2021. The overall project will be home to 600 residential units with a gym, spa, squash court, hair salon, and will include a pet spa, ice rink and children’s playground among many other amenities.
The towers are designed to fit into their surroundings and nature. Vegetation is strongly present in all buildings including 1.5 hectares of outdoor greenery that stretches between vertical gardens, terraces, balconies and promenades. Water for green buildings will be heated using energy produced by solar panels, and the project adheres to all principles of environmental efficiency.